Information about Mussoorie

General Information

Tucked away in the Garhwal Hills , Mussoorie is one of the most impressive hill stations in the northern India. A number of modern bungalows, malls and sprawling gardens dot the landscape of the hill station, from one corner to the other. Hordes of tourists, both locals as well as foreign nationals, can be seen flocking to the hill station during summer months when the northern plains begin to burn with sultry heat.Mussoorie is closely located to Delhi is also not far away from Hindu pilgrimage destinations like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Haridwar and Rishikesh.

No time is a bad time to arrive in Mussoorie. The weather at this strikingly expressive hill station remains pleasant throughout the year. The greenery in  Mussoorie can be seen at its blooming best between September and November. The ideal time to make a tour to Mussoorie is either between April and June or between September and November.


History of Mussoorie

The Hill station of Mussoorie owes its credit to the British army officer named Captain Young. The beauty of the hill station impressed the military officer a lot and he finally made up his mind to reside at the place, in the year 1825. This is how the hill station of Mussoorie was founded. Colonel Everest chose to stay here and built a home in 1832. More and more British officers followed suit and by the year 1901, the population of the hill resort was 6,461. During summers, the population of Mussoorie swelled up to a total of 15,000 at that time.

During 1920s and 1930s, the Nehru family became the frequent visitors to Mussoorie. Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi also spent much of her time at Mussoorie. During their visit, the members of the Nehru family also visited the hill station of Dehradun, which was just closeby. The Tibetan Government in Exile was also established by Dalai Lama in Mussoorie first, after fleeing Chinese occupation of Tibet in April 1959. Today, around 5,000 Tibetans are residents of Mussoorie.

Geography of Mussoorie

The verdant hill station of Mussoorie is located at an average altitude of 6,600 ft/ 2,000 m in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. The city of Mussoorie falls in the Dehradun district of Uttarakhand. To its north east stretch a range of snowy peaks while picturesque Doon Valley and the Shivalik Ranges are located to its south. As per the Census Report of 2001, Mussoorierecorded a population of 26,069. Currently, Mussoorie is inhabited by around 34,000 people.

Around 56% of this population are males while the rest 44% are females. It is interesting to note that the average literacy rate in Mussoorie, which is 79%, is higher than the average national literacy rate of 59.5% in India. The hill station lies within easily striking distance from Delhi, the capital city of India. Due to its excellent geographic location, the hill station of Mussoorie also serves as the gateway to Yamunotri and Gangotri, much popular Hindu shrines in north India. The shrines of Yamunotri and Gangotri along with Kedarnath and Badrinath make up the chardham, four higly sacred destinations of the Hindus.

How to Reach Mussoorie

Visitors to Mussoorie can easily take the air, rail or road route to reach the hill station. If you are flying by air, you can arrive at the Jolly Grant Airport (60 km) at Dehradun. The aisport has regular flights connecting to Delhi, India’s capital city. After your arrival at the Jolly Grant Airport, you can easily reach Mussoorie by bus, taxi or a private cab.

Reaching Mussoorie by rail is a good option. Closest railhead from Mussoorie, Dehradun is quite well linked with India’s major cities like Mumbai (Maharashtra), New Delhi, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Howrah (West Bengal), Amritsar (Punjab), Haridwar (Uttarakhand), Rishikesh (Uttarakhand), Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh), Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) etc. The railway station at Dehradun is just at 35 km from Mussoorie and regular buses and taxis are available to reach the hill station.